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What is training? The answer to this question is crucial to producing significant and continuous results in the gym. Far too often, someone will buy a gym membership and start hitting the weights without ever thinking through this basic concept. Their intention and dedication might be good, but if they haven't answered this question first, they most likely will not see satisfactory results, past some random adaptations from the first few sessions. Let's start by taking a look at the dictionary definition of training:




  1. the action of teaching a person or animal a particular skill or type of behavior.

  2. "in-service training for staff"

  3. synonyms:

  4. instruction · teaching · coaching · tuition · tutoring · tutelage · schooling · [more]

Notice the second definition especially —"the action of undertaking a course of exercise and diet in preparation for a sporting event." Disregard the part about "preparation for a sporting event," you don't have to be a competitive athlete in order to train. The important part is "the action of undertaking a course of exercise." This is key: there is a difference between exercising and training.

Not knowing that this difference is where many gym goers make their first mistake —they go to the gym and exercise but do not train. So, what is the difference?

For the purpose of this blog, "exercising" can be defined simply as "performing a physical action/activity which breaks the body's homeostasis."




  1. The tendency toward a relatively stable equilibrium between interdependent elements, especially as maintained by physiological processes.

Simply put, it means to start producing enough force or moving fast enough to push your organism out of a resting state/a condition in which you are just walking at a normal pace/doing anything that requires little effort.

On the other hand, we define training as intelligently planned and executed exercise over a period of time-based on a specific purpose. Rather than simply doing random work in the gym and hoping to get the desired results, the gym goer's exercise is organized into a training program in an organized way to drive the right quality and quantity of adaptation(s) required to achieve their goals. So, if the work you're doing in the gym is random, you're not training, you're just exercising, and the likelihood of you achieving your desired results is low. Of course, it is also essential to keep in mind that the fundamental purpose of training is to cause adaptation(s).

If you're going to expend effort in the gym, you need to get what you want out of it. It's going to be hard work, and you deserve your physiological and mental rewards. You're not going to get those rewards if you're just doing random exercise. Before you buy that gym membership, make sure you're ready to train.

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